This year, India celebrates 73rd Independence Day, this historic day brings our nation together without any differentiation between caste and creed, north and south or east and west together we join hands and be a part of a country called India.
While we rejoice and celebrate Independence day we need to remember the martyrs who sacrificed their lives and bought us Independence from the British Colony and we come across various places in India where people protested, fought and followed many principals of various national leaders who bought Independence to our country. #MT remembers some of the places where we need to worth remembering and not only while studying history books.
1) Jallianwala Bagh, Punjab
Etched in our memories is the story of Jallianwala Bagh a place near Amritsar, Punjab where it is to be reported that there are over 1500 casualties and around 1000 people died including children. This happened on the festival day of Vaisakhi where people had gathered to fight against the British people which was overheard by then acting general Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer and he ordered the troops to retaliate which caused the crowd to disperse without any knowledge and caused a stampede and some people jumped to solitary well to escape the shooting. It is said that the bullet marks and the well still brings those old memories were people were massacred.
2) Cellular Jail, Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
The Cellular Jail or also known as Kala Pani was a colonial prison in Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is the most popular tourist destination at present for the people who visit the islands. It is said that this prison was used to exile political prisoners to far of remote islands away from the mainland. Notable independence activists like Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Babarao Savarkar, Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi etc were once a prisoner’s in this remote jail. Visiting this jail and noticing the insides of Jail brings the memory and thinking how did our freedom fighters survive here whose only aim was to bring freedom to the nation.
3) Jhansi Fort, Uttar Pradesh
Jhansi Fort which housed King of Jhansi and the Queen along with their adopted son was the place where the First war of Indian Independence took place in the year 1857. Rani Lakshmi Bai who ruled the fort till 1858 who had ordered the soldiers for the protection of fort against unrest in Meerut. Once this unrest took a drastic turn and when the sepoys seized the Star fort of Jhansi which had treasures, Rani Lakshmi Bai took a turn to attack the officers and massacred around 40-60 officers which started a huge debate. This triggered the officers and they planned an attack on the fort which ultimately death of the queen. The war on Independence from Rani Lakshmi Bai has been a topic of many movies and till now people remember the queen and her contribution to Indian Independence.
4) Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarat
Sabarmati Ashram located in the Indian state of Gujarat is an epicentre for Swadesi Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. This was home for Mahatma Gandhi for over 12 years and this is where he trained activities to follow Ahimsa type of fighting to earn freedom. This Ashram was the birthplace for the Civil Disobedience Movement and Swadesi movement and is now a popular tourist place housing many photographs and artefacts of Mahatma Gandhi.
5) Red Fort, New Delhi
Not to forget the capital of independent India, Delhi where it is said that the first tricolour was hoisted and first speech was conducted by the first prime minister of India in the year 1947. Red Fort is one of the most integral parts of the freedom struggle where it was a part of both the First and Second war of Indian Independence. To this day, Red Fort is where every currently serving Prime Minister of the Country will hoist the national flag and provide the speech addressing the nation.