Ayodhya is a city lying on the right bank of the Ghaghara Sarayu River, 6 km from Faizabad, in Uttar Pradesh, a state in northern India that is the fifth largest and most populous in the country, with around 200 million population.
It is a true center of popular pilgrimage, associated with Rama, the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. The ancient city of Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana, was founded by Manu, the compiler of the laws or traditions of India, and is one of the seven most sacred cities of India.
City-temple is full of historical and spiritual significance, described in the sacred books as “a city built by the gods and to be prosperous, like paradise itself.” The epic of the dynasties that inhabited it was immortalized by Valmiki, legendary wise author of the Ramayana.
To get around the city, there are taxis, buses, the so-called tongas which are horse-drawn carriages or the traditional rickshaw, a kind of motorcycle or a taxi with a small cart in the back where the passenger sits.
The city is connected to the rest of India by air, by rail from Mumbai, Kolkata, Danapur, New Delhi and other major cities, or by road with large cities and towns such as Gorakhpur, Varanasi or Gonda.
The Sights in Ayodhya
If you drive over the bridge in the east of the city, then you have the view of the ghats on the banks of the Ghaghara. In the city are the many worth seeing temples of which we visited Choti Chawani, Dashrath Mahal and Kanak Bhawan. But there are other exciting things.
Something special is the Sri Ram Janam Bhumi because there is an unusual history for this purpose. Sri Ram Janam Bhumi was a significant Hindu temple that was destroyed. On its ruins, the Islamic Babri Mosque was built in the 16th century, which of course was a thorn in the side of the Hindus. In the 80s and 90s, the conflict then escalated. In 1992, the Bari mosque was destroyed, and there were riots throughout the country. Today, the ruins of the mosque and the temporarily erected Hindu temple are like a restricted military area. The terrain is fenced and heavily guarded. The recent clashes with several dead were still in 2005.
You can visit the facility, but photograph and filming is not allowed, and you are scanned 5 times in a row for prohibited items. Every 50m you pass a heavily armed police station, and on the first km, you walk through a completely closed steel grate channel, which ensures that you do not leave the path. Not the religious sites are for non-Hindus the object of interest, but the security measures.
Other Places to See:
Hanuman Garhi, the most popular sanctuary in the city, located in the center; with its 76-step staircase, it houses a statue of Maa Anjani, with Bal Hanuman sitting on his lap. The faithful come to ask for wishes and believe that all will be granted. It is a square fortress with circular bastions at the corners.
Kanak Bhawan: Houses images of Sri Rama and Sita with gold crowns.
Ramkot: It is the main place of worship, it is located in the old citadel of Ramkot on an elevation of the land in the western part of the city. Pilgrims visit it throughout the year, but the largest influx is for the “Ram Navami,” feast of the birth of the Lord, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the Hindu month of Chaitra that coincides with the March or April of our calendar.
There is much left in the ink, such as the Swarg Dwar where it is said that Rama was cremated, or the Nageshwarnath temple, the only trace of the ancient city of Vikramaditya and where the festival of Shivratri is celebrated with a great display.