Massachusetts Institute of Technology commonly known as MIT is one of world-renowned educational institute that is located at Cambridge, Massachusetts. Located alongside Charles River, the institute is land-grant, sea-grant and space-grant university which extends more than a mile from the river. MIT was founded in 1861 due to the increasing industrialization of the United States. The institute then adopted European Polytechnic style of coaching which gave preference to applied science and engineering. In coming years it has paved the way to many aspects of modern science, engineering, mathematics, and technology, and is widely known for its innovation and academic strength which now makes it one of prestigious institute in the world.
As of October 2019, 95 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medallists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers. In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 MacArthur Fellows, 73 Marshall Scholars, 48 Rhodes Scholars, 41 astronauts and 16 Chief Scientists of the US Air Force have been affiliated with MIT.
We can trace the history of the foundation of MIT as early as 1859 where the proposal to use the newly opened lands in Back Bay in Boston for Museum of Conservatory Arts and Science building was given to Massachusetts State Legislature. On 10th of April 1861, the governor of Commonwealth of Massachusetts signed a charter submitted by William Barton Rogers to incorporate with a new upscale institution that will address the challenge of rapid development in the field of science and technology which the then universities were ill-prepared for and named the new institute as “Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston Society of Natural History”.
Due to the civil war that broke in 1861, William Barton Rogers was unable to raise funds and match financial commitments hence the recruitment of faculty and students was delayed and later in 1865, MIT’s first classes were held in Mercantile Building, downtown Boston. The construction of MIT’s first building started later on and was completed in the year 1866, it was constructed near Boston’s Back Bay and the institute was initially named as “Boston Tech” until the campus moved near Charles River in Cambridge.
From then on MIT has come under administrations of of William Barton Rogers (1862–1870, 1879–1881), John Daniel Runkle (1870–1879), Francis Amasa Walker (1881–1896), and Henry Pritchett (1900–1907) who paved way for the growth of the institute to where it belongs now.
Currently, there are over 500+ student organization and nearly 40 Greek letter living groups which make Student Life welcoming here at MIT. To complement their academics and research, students choose their extracurricular adventures, from a spectacular of ways to participate in music, dance and to help students navigate challenges, MIT offers a strong support network.
The mission of MIT is to advance knowledge and educate students in science, technology, and other areas that will best serve the nation and the world.
Macrotraveller visited this prestigious institute that is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts and got to know how the institute has succeeded and faced the challenges during the period of World War I&II and the Civil War.